Items 1 to 10 of about 608885
1. Chen Q, Lai S, Yin W, Zhou H, Li Y, Mu D, Li Z, Yu H, Yang W: Epidemic characteristics, high-risk townships and space-time clusters of human brucellosis in Shanxi Province of China, 2005-2014. BMC Infect Dis; 2016 Dec 19;16(1):760
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Epidemic characteristics, high-risk townships and space-time clusters of human brucellosis in Shanxi Province of China, 2005-2014.
  • This study aimed to describe the changing epidemiology of human brucellosis in Shanxi Province from 2005 to 2014 and explore high-risk towns and space-time clusters for elucidating the necessity of decentralizing disease control resource to township level in epidemic regions, particularly in hotspot areas.
  • RESULTS: From 2005 to 2014, a total of 50,002 cases of human brucellosis were recorded in Shanxi, with a male-to-female ratio of 3.9:1.
  • The reported incidence rate increased dramatically from 7.0/100,000 in 2005 to 23.5/100,000 in 2014, with an average annual increase of 14.5%.
  • There were still 33.8% cases delaying diagnosis in 2014.
  • The proportion of the affected towns increased from 31.5% in 2005 to 82.5% in 2014.

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  • (PMID = 27993134.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2334
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Epidemiology / Geographic information system / High-risk areas / Human brucellosis / Poisson model / Shanxi province / Space-time scan statistic / Zoonosis
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2. Medina-Garin DR, Dia A, Bedubourg G, Deparis X, Berger F, Michel R: Acute acoustic trauma in the French armed forces during 2007-2014. Noise Health; 2016 Nov-Dec;18(85):297-302
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acute acoustic trauma in the French armed forces during 2007-2014.
  • CONTEXT: Despite existing preventive measures, the number of acute acoustic trauma (AAT) cases reported to the French Military Epidemiological Surveillance System (MESS) remains high.
  • SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional analysis of AAT using data from the MESS for the period 2007-2014.
  • RESULTS: Between 2007 and 2014, 10,487 AAT cases were reported to the MESS, with a significant decrease in 2013 (P < 0.001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: AAT rates decreased from 2007 to 2014 in the French armed forces.
  • [MeSH-major] Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced / epidemiology. Military Personnel. Occupational Diseases / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 27991460.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1741
  • [Journal-full-title] Noise & health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Noise Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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3. Soares MLM, Amaral NACD, Zacarias ACP, Ribeiro LKNP: Sociodemographic, clinical and epidemiological aspects of Tuberculosis treatment abandonment in Pernambuco, Brazil, 2001-2014. Epidemiol Serv Saude; 2017 Apr-Jun;26(2):369-378

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  • [Title] Sociodemographic, clinical and epidemiological aspects of Tuberculosis treatment abandonment in Pernambuco, Brazil, 2001-2014.
  • [Transliterated title] Aspectos sociodemográficos e clínico-epidemiológicos do abandono do tratamento de tuberculose em Pernambuco, Brasil, 2001-2014.
  • METHODS:: this is a descriptive ecological study using data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases from 2001 to 2014; the abandonment rate was calculated by the Regional Administration on Health (GERES).
  • RESULTS:: of the 57,015 new cases, 6,474 (11.3%) abandoned treatment, although abandonment decreased from 16.4% (2001) to 9.3% (2014); the abandonment rate in GERES I Recife, III Palmares, IV Caruaru, VIII Petrolina and IX Ouricuri was still >5% in 2014; the rate was higher in males (11.9%), people aged 20-39 (12.7%), people with incomplete elementary school (12.1%), black-skinned people (13.7%), institutionalized people (12.5%) and those with pulmonary + extrapulmonary tuberculosis (14.1%).

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  • (PMID = 28492778.001).
  • [ISSN] 2237-9622
  • [Journal-full-title] Epidemiologia e servicos de saude : revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Epidemiol Serv Saude
  • [Language] por; eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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4. Zhang YX, Chu ZH, Li SY, Zhao JS, Zhou JY: Trends in the Prevalence of Morbid Obesity among Children and Adolescents in Shandong, China, 1995-2014. J Trop Pediatr; 2017 Apr 17;
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Trends in the Prevalence of Morbid Obesity among Children and Adolescents in Shandong, China, 1995-2014.
  • The present study examined the prevalent trends in morbid obesity among children and adolescents during the past 19 years (1995-2014) in Shandong, China.
  • Methods: : Data for this study were obtained from five cross-sectional surveys (1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014) of schoolchildren in Shandong Province, China.
  • A total of 41 500 students aged 7-18 years were included in this study.
  • Body mass index cutoffs recommended by the International Obesity Task Force were used to define morbid obesity.
  • Results: : The prevalence of morbid obesity was increasing continuously during the past 19 years (1995-2014), from 0.25% for boys and 0.11% for girls in 1995 to 2.73% for boys and 1.29% for girls in 2014.
  • Conclusion: : Although the current prevalence of morbid obesity was at a relatively low level, a continuous increasing trend was observed between 1995 and 2014.

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  • (PMID = 28419373.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-3664
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of tropical pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Trop. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; adolescent / morbid obesity / prevalence / secular trend
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5. Basys V, Drazdienė N, Vezbergienė N, Isakova J: Perinatal injury of the central nervous system in Lithuania from 1997 to 2014. Acta Med Litu; 2016;23(4):199-205

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  • [Title] Perinatal injury of the central nervous system in Lithuania from 1997 to 2014.
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the dynamics of the frequency of perinatal CNS lesions (corresponding to ICD 10 code P91) over a 20-year period, using the data collected from the Lithuanian Medical Data of Births (Registry of Births).
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: In total, data of 559,164 newborns were analyzed.
  • RESULTS: During the period from 1997 to 2014, the frequency of term newborns with perinatal CNS injury decreased almost two times, from 20.4/1000 live births in 1997 to 15.5/1000 live births in 2014, or from 3.12% (95% CI 2.95; 3.31) to 1.46% (95% CI 1.32; 1.61).
  • In 18 years, the rate of infant mortality from perinatal CNS injury decreased by more than four times and in 2014 it was 0.3/1000 births; it accounts for 11% of neonatal mortality (2.6/1000 live births).
  • The largest decrease of CNS injury was seen after a caesarean birth (from 13.7% in 1999 to 1.7% in 2014) and breech delivery (from 9.7% in 1999 to 0.8% in 2014).

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  • (PMID = 28356810.001).
  • [ISSN] 1392-0138
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta medica Lituanica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Med Litu
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Lithuania
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; central nervous system / frequency in Lithuania / neonates / perinatal injury
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6. Odutayo A, Gill P, Shepherd S, Akingbade A, Hopewell S, Tennankore K, Hunn BH, Emdin CA: Income Disparities in Absolute Cardiovascular Risk and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in the United States, 1999-2014. JAMA Cardiol; 2017 Jul 01;2(7):782-790

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Income Disparities in Absolute Cardiovascular Risk and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in the United States, 1999-2014.
  • Objective: To assess temporal trends in 10-year predicted absolute cardiovascular risk and cardiovascular risk factors among US adults in different socioeconomic strata.
  • Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted using data on adults 40 to 79 years of age without established cardiovascular disease from the 1999 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
  • We assessed the following 4 risk factors: systolic blood pressure, smoking status, diabetes, and total cholesterol.
  • Results: Of the 17 199 adults whose data were included in the study (8828 women and 8371 men; mean age, 54.4 years), from 1999-2014, trends in the percentage of adults with predicted absolute cardiovascular risk of 20% or more, mean systolic blood pressure, and the percentage of current smokers varied by income strata (P ≤ .02 for interaction).
  • For adults with incomes at or below the federal poverty level, there was little evidence of a change in any of these outcomes across survey years (cardiovascular risk ≥20%, 14.9% [95% CI, 12.9%-16.8%] in 1999-2004; 16.5% [95% CI, 13.7%-19.2%] in 2011-2014; P = .41; mean systolic blood pressure, 127.6 [95% CI, 126.1-129.0] mm Hg in 1999-2004; 126.8 [95% CI, 125.2-128.5] mm Hg in 2011-2014; P = .44; and smoking, 36.5% [95% CI, 32.1%-41.0%] in 1999-2004; 36.0% [95% CI, 31.1%-40.8%] in 2011-2014; P = .87).
  • For adults in the high-income stratum, these variables decreased across survey years (cardiovascular risk ≥20%, 12.0% [95% CI, 10.7%-13.3%] in 1999-2004; 9.5% [95% CI, 8.2%-10.7%] in 2011-2014; P = .003; systolic blood pressure, 126.0 [95% CI, 125.0-126.9] mm Hg in 1999-2004; 122.3 [95% CI, 121.3-123.3] mm Hg in 2011-2014; P < .001; and smoking, 14.1% [95% CI, 12.0%-16.2%] in 1999-2004; 8.8% [95% CI, 6.6%-11.0%] in 2011-2014; P = .001).
  • Trends in the percentage of adults with diabetes and the mean total cholesterol level did not vary by income.

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  • (PMID = 28593301.001).
  • [ISSN] 2380-6591
  • [Journal-full-title] JAMA cardiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JAMA Cardiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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7. Mathur R, Bhaskaran K, Edwards E, Lee H, Chaturvedi N, Smeeth L, Douglas I: Population trends in the 10-year incidence and prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in the UK: a cohort study in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink 2004-2014. BMJ Open; 2017 Feb 28;7(2):e014444

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Population trends in the 10-year incidence and prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in the UK: a cohort study in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink 2004-2014.
  • PARTICIPANTS: 7.7 million patients ≥12 contributing to the CPRD from 2004 to 2014.
  • PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Age-standardised prevalence and incidence of diabetes, DR and severe DR (requiring photocoagulation) by calendar year and population subgroup.

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  • [Copyright] Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.
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  • (PMID = 28246144.001).
  • [ISSN] 2044-6055
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ open
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Open
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0802403
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; EPIDEMIOLOGY / PRIMARY CARE / PUBLIC HEALTH
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8. Price AJ, Glynn J, Chihana M, Kayuni N, Floyd S, Slaymaker E, Reniers G, Zaba B, McLean E, Kalobekamo F, Koole O, Nyirenda M, Crampin AC: Sustained 10-year gain in adult life expectancy following antiretroviral therapy roll-out in rural Malawi: July 2005 to June 2014. Int J Epidemiol; 2017 Apr 01;46(2):479-491

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sustained 10-year gain in adult life expectancy following antiretroviral therapy roll-out in rural Malawi: July 2005 to June 2014.
  • We calculated life expectancy using Kaplan-Meier estimates, and compared mortality rates and rate ratios using Poisson regression, by period of ART availability (July 2005-June 2008, July 2008-June 2011 and July 2011-June 2014).
  • Overall, life expectancy at age 15 years increased by 10 years within 5 years of ART introduction, and plateaued.
  • Age-standardized adult mortality rates declined from 11.3/1000 to 7.5/1000 person-years between the first and last time period.
  • In July 2011-June 2014 compared with July 2005-June 2008, mortality declined in HIV-positive individuals on ART (rate ratio adjusted (aRR) for age, sex, location and education, 0.3; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.2-0.5) and in those not (yet) on ART (aRR 0.3; 95%CI 0.1-0.5) but not in HIV-negative individuals (aRR 1.1; 95%CI 0.7-1.9).
  • Conclusions: Total population adult life expectancy increased toward that of HIV-negative individuals by 2011 and remained raised.

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  • (PMID = 28338707.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-3685
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of epidemiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Epidemiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; HIV, ART, mortality, life-expectancy, Malawi, sub-Saharan Africa
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9. Liu ZQ, Zhou N, Bai JY, Guo Y, Yu MH: [Analysis of survival and influencing factors of HIV/AIDS patients in Tianjin, 2004-2014]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi; 2017 Mar 10;38(3):369-373

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Analysis of survival and influencing factors of HIV/AIDS patients in Tianjin, 2004-2014].
  • <b>Methods:</b> The data of HIV/AIDS cases reported in Tianjin during 2004-2014, which were collected from National AIDS Prevention and Control Information System, were analyzed by using life table and Kaplan Meier method to calculate survival time and the survival rate, and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis was conducted to identify the influencing factors for survival time.
  • <b>Results:</b> For the 2 775 HIV/AIDS patients, 1 year, 3 years, 5 years, 10 years and 11 years cumulative survival rates were 91%, 88%, 86%, 79% and 79% respectively.
  • The risk of death in AIDS patients was higher than that in people living with HIV (<i>χ</i>(2)=107.622, <i>P</i><0.001); Factors affecting the survival of people living with HIV were the first time CD(4) value and antiviral treatment, and the influencing factors for survival of AIDS patients were the infection route, detection ways, first time CD(4) value and antiviral treatment.

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  • (PMID = 28329942.001).
  • [ISSN] 0254-6450
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; HIV/AIDS / Influencing factor / Survival time
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10. Cheng S, Fletcher D, Hemley S, Stoodley M, Bilston L: Corrigendum to "Effects of fluid structure interaction in a three dimensional model of the spinal subarachnoid space" [J. Biomech. 47 (11) (2014) 2826-2830]. J Biomech; 2014 Nov 07;47(14):3590

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Corrigendum to "Effects of fluid structure interaction in a three dimensional model of the spinal subarachnoid space" [J. Biomech. 47 (11) (2014) 2826-2830].

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  • (PMID = 28010930.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2380
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of biomechanics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Biomech
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Published Erratum
  • [Publication-country] United States
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