Items 1 to 10 of about 532661
1. Suleman M, Lee HW, Zaidi SS, Alam MM, Nisar N, Aamir UB, Sharif S, Shaukat S, Khurshid A, Angez M, Umair M, Mujtaba G, Faryal R: "Preliminary Seroepidemiological survey of dengue infections in Pakistan, 2009-2014". Infect Dis Poverty; 2017 Mar 09;6(1):48

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] "Preliminary Seroepidemiological survey of dengue infections in Pakistan, 2009-2014".
  • METHODS: To investigate the prevalence of dengue virus in Pakistan during 2009-2014, a total of 9,493 blood samples were screened for the detection of anti-dengue IgM antibodies using ELISA.
  • The highest number (382/929; 41.1%) of sero-positive cases was observed among the individuals of age group 31-40 years.
  • The highest number of symptomatic cases was reported in October (46%; 4,400/9,493), and the highest number of sero-positive cases among symptomatic cases was observed in November (45.7%; 806/1,764).
  • Mean annual patient incidence (MAPI) during 2009-2014 in Pakistan remained 0.30 with the highest annual patient incidence (11.03) found in Islamabad.
  • According to the available medical case record, 472 dengue related deaths were reported during 2009-2014.
  • TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: It is an epidemiological research study, so trial registration is not required.

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  • (PMID = 28274279.001).
  • [ISSN] 2049-9957
  • [Journal-full-title] Infectious diseases of poverty
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Infect Dis Poverty
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Viral; 0 / Immunoglobulin M
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Dengue Virus / IgM ELISA / Pakistan / Vector / epidemiology
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2. Ramazanzadeh R, Mohammadi B, Mohajeri P: Mutations in embB gene associated with resistance to ethambutol in Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from TB patients in the west of Iran (2014-15). Int J Mycobacteriol; 2016 Dec;5 Suppl 1:S140

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mutations in embB gene associated with resistance to ethambutol in Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from TB patients in the west of Iran (2014-15).
  • The aim of this study was to detect mutations in embB gene associated with resistance to ethambutol in Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from TB patients in the west of Iran (2014-15).
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was performed on smear-positive patients of the west side of Iran, in the TB research center located in Kermanshah city, during 2014-15.
  • Out of 1069 strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, 50 strains with pulmonary TB were selected and evaluated (22 men and 28 women; aged between 23 and 86; median age: 54.5years).

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016.
  • (PMID = 28043512.001).
  • [ISSN] 2212-554X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of mycobacteriology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Mycobacteriol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Antibiotic-resistant / EmbB gene / Ethambutol / Mycobacterium tuberculosis
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3. Zhai L, Dong Y, Bai Y, Wei W, Jia L: Trends in obesity, overweight, and malnutrition among children and adolescents in Shenyang, China in 2010 and 2014: a multiple cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health; 2017 Feb 02;17(1):151

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Trends in obesity, overweight, and malnutrition among children and adolescents in Shenyang, China in 2010 and 2014: a multiple cross-sectional study.
  • BACKGROUND: The prevalence, characteristics, and trends in obesity, overweight, and malnutrition among children and adolescents in 2010 and 2014 in Shenyang, China was described.
  • METHODS: This was a multiple cross-sectional study using data from the 2010 and 2014 National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health.
  • A total of 31,031 children and adolescents were included in this survey.
  • Differences in the percentages of obesity, overweight, and malnutrition by age, gender, and living region in 2010 and 2014 were compared using the χ2 test.
  • RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity and overweight in 2010 was 8.99% and 13.72%, respectively, and 12.64% and 14.06% in 2014, respectively.
  • The prevalence of malnutrition was 10.68% and 10.69% in 2010, and 2014, respectively.
  • In 2010 and 2014, boys and girls 7-11 years of age had higher rates of obesity than other age groups (P < 0.01).
  • Compared to 2010, the prevalence of obesity in 2014 increased significantly in boys and girls, and urban and rural residents (P < 0.05), but the prevalence of malnutrition did not change.
  • Malnutrition did not significantly decrease during the 4-year period from 2010-2014.

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  • (PMID = 28148243.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2458
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adolescent / Children / Malnutrition / Obesity / Overweight
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4. Shams-Beyranvand M, Farzadfar F, Naderimagham S, Tirani M, Maracy MR: Estimation of burden of ischemic heart diseases in Isfahan, Iran, 2014: using incompleteness and misclassification adjustment models. J Diabetes Metab Disord; 2017;16:12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Estimation of burden of ischemic heart diseases in Isfahan, Iran, 2014: using incompleteness and misclassification adjustment models.
  • METHODS: This population-based study was conducted on the population living in the city of Isfahan in 2014.
  • Years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs) were calculated by multiplying the number of deaths due to IHDs (that was collected from death registration system (DRS) and was adjusted for incompleteness and misclassification) with life expectancy (that was extracted from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors study (GBD) 2013).
  • Years lived with disability (YLDs) were calculated by multiplying the prevalent cases of IHDs in each age-sex group (that was calculated using the stepwise approach to non-communicable disease risk factor surveillance (STEPS)) with total disability weight of IHDs (that was calculated using the GBD 2013).
  • RESULTS: In 2014, the number of DALYs due to IHDs was 43517.71 years which was formed of 31891.79 years of YLLs and 11625.92 years of YLDs.

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  • (PMID = 28331842.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of diabetes and metabolic disorders
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Diabetes Metab Disord
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Burden of disease / Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) / Ischemic heart diseases (IHDs) / Years lived with disability (YLDs) / Years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs)
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5. Liu ZQ, Zhou N, Bai JY, Guo Y, Yu MH: [Analysis of survival and influencing factors of HIV/AIDS patients in Tianjin, 2004-2014]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi; 2017 Mar 10;38(3):369-373

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Analysis of survival and influencing factors of HIV/AIDS patients in Tianjin, 2004-2014].
  • <b>Methods:</b> The data of HIV/AIDS cases reported in Tianjin during 2004-2014, which were collected from National AIDS Prevention and Control Information System, were analyzed by using life table and Kaplan Meier method to calculate survival time and the survival rate, and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis was conducted to identify the influencing factors for survival time.
  • <b>Results:</b> For the 2 775 HIV/AIDS patients, 1 year, 3 years, 5 years, 10 years and 11 years cumulative survival rates were 91%, 88%, 86%, 79% and 79% respectively.
  • The risk of death in AIDS patients was higher than that in people living with HIV (<i>χ</i>(2)=107.622, <i>P</i><0.001); Factors affecting the survival of people living with HIV were the first time CD(4) value and antiviral treatment, and the influencing factors for survival of AIDS patients were the infection route, detection ways, first time CD(4) value and antiviral treatment.

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  • (PMID = 28329942.001).
  • [ISSN] 0254-6450
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; HIV/AIDS / Influencing factor / Survival time
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6. Medina-Garin DR, Dia A, Bedubourg G, Deparis X, Berger F, Michel R: Acute acoustic trauma in the French armed forces during 2007-2014. Noise Health; 2016 Nov-Dec;18(85):297-302
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acute acoustic trauma in the French armed forces during 2007-2014.
  • CONTEXT: Despite existing preventive measures, the number of acute acoustic trauma (AAT) cases reported to the French Military Epidemiological Surveillance System (MESS) remains high.
  • SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional analysis of AAT using data from the MESS for the period 2007-2014.
  • RESULTS: Between 2007 and 2014, 10,487 AAT cases were reported to the MESS, with a significant decrease in 2013 (P < 0.001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: AAT rates decreased from 2007 to 2014 in the French armed forces.

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  • (PMID = 27991460.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1741
  • [Journal-full-title] Noise & health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Noise Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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7. Zhang G, Zhu YX, Wang P, Liu P, Li JF, Sha S, Yang WZ, Li H: [Analysis on funds application of community based organizations involved in HIV/AIDS response and government financial investment in China, 2014]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2017 Mar 06;51(3):232-236

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Analysis on funds application of community based organizations involved in HIV/AIDS response and government financial investment in China, 2014].
  • Questionnaire included financial supports from local governments, transfer payment from central government for CBO involved in HIV/AIDS response in 2014, and unit cost for CBO involved in HIV/AIDS control and prevention.
  • Multivariate analysis was conducted on the project application and financial investment of community based organizations involved in HIV/AIDS control and prevention in 2014.
  • <b>Results:</b> The total amount of CBO to apply for participation in AIDS prevention and control was 64 482 828 Yuan in 2014.
  • The actual total amount of investment was 50 616 367 Yuan, The investment came from the central government funding, the provincial level government funding, the prefecture and county level government funding investment and other sources of funding.
  • 22 of 28 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) received the funds from the central government finance, and median of investment funds 500 000 Yuan.
  • The median (<i>P</i>(25), <i>P</i>(75)) unit costs of intervention for FSW from 16 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) was 70 (23, 280) Yuan per year; DU from 14 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) was 83 (44, 200 ) Yuan per year; MSM from 16 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) was 100 (35, 280) Yuan per year; the follow-up and care for PLWH from 17 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) was 200 (45, 500) Yuan per year.
  • Multivariate linear regression analysis results showed that the amount of PLWH in 2014 influenced on the total number of application funds of CBO involved in HIV/AIDS response (<i>b</i>=178.11, 95% <i>CI:</i> 51.86-305.36) and the amount of PLWH (<i>b</i>=77.72, 95% <i>CI:</i> 16.28-139.16), and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita of the province (<i>b</i>=36.20, 95% <i>CI:</i> 4.60-67.80) impacted financial investment to CBO involved in HIV/AIDS response, respectively.
  • Financial investment from government was main resources for CBO in 2014.
  • <b>目的:</b>分析2014年中国社会组织申请参与艾滋病防治工作经费与投入情况及影响因素。 <b>方法:</b>于2015年6月,以中国内地31个省(自治区、直辖市)卫生行政部门主管艾滋病防治的工作人员为研究对象,采用自行设计的"社会组织参与艾滋病防治工作情况调查表" ,调查2014年各省社会组织参与艾滋病防治工作相关情况,其工作领域主要涉及了高危人群干预类[暗娼、男性同性性行为者(MSM)和吸毒者等]及HIV感染者和艾滋病患者(HIV/AIDS)随访管理和关怀救助类内容,有效回收问卷29份(内蒙古、山西未填写)。调查内容包括:2014年支持社会组织经费情况、2014年中央转移支付地方艾滋病防治项目支持社会组织情况、艾滋病防治工作的单位成本等内容。采用多元线性回归方法,分析影响中国社会组织申请参与艾滋病防治工作经费和投入的因素。 <b>结果:</b> 2014年社会组织申请参与艾滋病防治工作经费总数为64 482 828元,总投入为50 616 367元,经费投入分为中央财政经费支持、省级经费投入、省级以下经费投入、其他来源经费投入。28个省份中,22个省份获得了中央财政经费支持,投入经费中位数为500 000元;15个省份有省级财政投入,投入经费中位数为350 000元;12个省份有省级以下经费投入,投入经费中位数为408 750元;12个省份有其他来源经费投入,投入经费中位数为228 400元。16个省份提供了针对暗娼人员的干预单位成本,<i>P</i>(50) (<i>P</i>(25) ,<i>P</i>(75))为70 (23, 280)元;14个省份提供的针对吸毒者干预单位成本,<i>P</i>(50)(<i>P</i>(25),<i>P</i>(75))为83 (44, 200)元;16个省份提供的针对男男同性性行为人员干预单位成本,<i>P</i>(50) (<i>P</i>(25),<i>P</i>(75))为100 (35, 280)元;17个省份提供了针对HIV/AIDS关怀的单位成本,<i>P</i>(50) (<i>P</i>(25) ,<i>P</i>(75))为200 (45, 500)元。影响申请经费的因素为2014年HIV/AIDS存活人数,<i>b</i>(95% <i>CI</i>值)为178.11 (51.86~305.36);影响对社会组织投入经费数的因素为2014年HIV/AIDS存活人数和地区人均国内生产总值,<i>b</i> (95%<i>CI</i>值)为77.72 (16.28~139.16)和36.20 (4.60~67.80)。 <b>结论:</b> 2014年中国社会组织参与艾滋病防治工作经费的申请及政府对其投入较大;中国各级政府对社会组织参与艾滋病防治工作的经费投入是社会组织参与艾滋病防治工作经费的主要来源,投入的经费量受地区艾滋病疫情水平和当地经济发展水平影响。.

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  • (PMID = 28260337.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-9624
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome / Community based organizations / Cost allocation
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8. Slavov SN, Otaguiri KK, Pinto MT, Valente VB, Ubiali EM, Covas DT, Kashima S: Prevalence of Trypanosoma Cruzi antibodies in blood donors from the Sao Paulo State, Brazil, between 2012 and 2014. J Infect Dev Ctries; 2017 Mar 31;11(3):277-281
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Chagas Disease.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prevalence of Trypanosoma Cruzi antibodies in blood donors from the Sao Paulo State, Brazil, between 2012 and 2014.
  • METHODOLOGY: The objective of this study was to evaluate anti-T. cruzi seroprevalence in blood donors from the western part of São Paulo State, Brazil, by serologic and immunofluorescence confirmation tests for the period between 2012 and 2014.
  • Currently, this region is regarded as a non-endemic area for Chagas disease.
  • RESULTS: The confirmed overall T. cruzi seroprevalence among blood donors was 0.10%, which can be considered low compared to other Brazilian regions.
  • The discordance obtained for T. cruzi prevalence by serologic and immunofluorescence methods demonstrates that more specific routine diagnosis is needed to diminish the cost of the assays and the loss of blood supply once all seropositive blood bags are immediately discarded.

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Blood Transfusion and Donation.
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  • (PMID = 28368863.001).
  • [ISSN] 1972-2680
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of infection in developing countries
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Infect Dev Ctries
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Protozoan
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9. Cheng S, Fletcher D, Hemley S, Stoodley M, Bilston L: Corrigendum to "Effects of fluid structure interaction in a three dimensional model of the spinal subarachnoid space" [J. Biomech. 47 (11) (2014) 2826-2830]. J Biomech; 2014 Nov 07;47(14):3590

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Corrigendum to "Effects of fluid structure interaction in a three dimensional model of the spinal subarachnoid space" [J. Biomech. 47 (11) (2014) 2826-2830].

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  • (PMID = 28010930.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2380
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of biomechanics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Biomech
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Published Erratum
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Murphy ME, Bennett K, Fahey T, Smith SM: Geographical variation in anti-diabetic prescribing in Ireland in 2013 and 2014: a cross-sectional analysis. Fam Pract; 2017 May 02;

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Geographical variation in anti-diabetic prescribing in Ireland in 2013 and 2014: a cross-sectional analysis.
  • Methods.: Cross-sectional analyses were undertaken on the two main national pharmacy claims databases in Ireland in 2013 and 2014.
  • Direct standardized rates of individual anti-diabetic medication prescribing per 100 000 population were calculated by geographical area.
  • Variation in prescribing was assessed using the systematic component of variation (SCV) and classified as very high (>10), high (5.4-10), moderate (3-5.4) or low (<3).
  • Estimated total costs of prescribing were calculated per geographical area using medication wholesale costs.
  • Results.: Very high levels of geographical variation of GLP-1 agonists (SCV 11.4 and 10.3 in 2013 and 2014) and moderate variation of DPP-4 inhibitors (SCV 3.8 and 4.1) were found.
  • Geographical variation in Ireland leads to an estimated total wholesale cost differential of €500 000 for GLP-1 agonists, per 100 000 population, between the highest and lowest prescribing areas.

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  • (PMID = 28472488.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2229
  • [Journal-full-title] Family practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fam Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Chronic disease / diabetes/insulin resistance / health economics / internal medicine / primary care / quality of care.
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