Items 1 to 10 of about 400490
1. Dudareva-Vizule S, Haar K, Sailer A, Jansen K, Hamouda O, Wisplinghoff H, Tiemann C, Pape E, Bremer V, Chlamydia trachomatis laboratory sentinel team: Establishment of a voluntary electronic Chlamydia trachomatis laboratory surveillance system in Germany, 2008 to 2014. Euro Surveill; 2017 Feb 09;22(6)
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Chlamydia Infections.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Establishment of a voluntary electronic Chlamydia trachomatis laboratory surveillance system in Germany, 2008 to 2014.
  • In the period from 2008 to 2014, 3,877,588 CT tests were reported, 93% in women.
  • Women aged 20-24 years and men aged 25-29 years were the most frequently tested age groups.
  • The overall proportion of positive tests (PPT) among women was 3.9% and among men 11.0%.
  • The highest PPT among women was in the age groups 15-19 (6.8%) and 20-24 years (5.9%), and among men in the age groups 20-24 (19.2%), 15-19 (15.4%) and 25-29 years (14.8%).

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Chlamydia.
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  • [Copyright] This article is copyright of The Authors, 2017.
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  • (PMID = 28205505.001).
  • [ISSN] 1560-7917
  • [Journal-full-title] Euro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Euro Surveill.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Chlamydia trachomatis / Germany / laboratory surveillance / screening / sentinel / sexually transmitted infections / surveillance
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2. Maleki H, Sorooshian A, Goudarzi G, Nikfal A, Baneshi MM: Temporal profile of PM<sub>10</sub> and associated health effects in one of the most polluted cities of the world (Ahvaz, Iran) between 2009 and 2014. Aeolian Res; 2016 Sep;22:135-140

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Temporal profile of PM<sub>10</sub> and associated health effects in one of the most polluted cities of the world (Ahvaz, Iran) between 2009 and 2014.
  • This study examines diurnal, weekly, monthly and annual fluctuations of PM<sub>10</sub> between 2009 and 2014 in Ahvaz.
  • The cumulative diurnal PM<sub>10</sub> profile exhibits a dominant peak between 08:00-11:00 (local time) with the lowest levels in the afternoon hours.
  • PM<sub>10</sub> has shown a steady mean-annual decline between 2009 (315.2 µg m<sup>-3</sup>) and 2014 (143.5 µg m<sup>-3</sup>).
  • The AirQ model predicts that mortality was a health outcome for a total of 3777 individuals between 2009 and 2014 (i.e., 630 per year).

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  • (PMID = 28491152.001).
  • [ISSN] 1875-9637
  • [Journal-full-title] Aeolian research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aeolian Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / P42 ES004940
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Aerosol / Ahvaz / AirQ / Dust storm / Health effects / PM10
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3. Yeo I, Ahmad H, Aronow WS: Impact of sleep apnea on in-hospital outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement: insight from National Inpatient Sample database 2011-2014. Ann Transl Med; 2017 May;5(10):203

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Impact of sleep apnea on in-hospital outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement: insight from National Inpatient Sample database 2011-2014.
  • METHODS: We used National Inpatient Sample (NIS) data 2011-2014 to identify patients undergoing TAVR.
  • The group with sleep apnea had less bleeding requiring transfusion (8.6% <i>vs.</i> 11.9%, P=0.01) than the counterpart.
  • After adjusting for confounders, the presence of sleep apnea was no longer independently associated with any of the studied outcomes including all-cause mortality (OR 0.95; 95% CI: 0.64-1.42), stroke (OR 1.08; 95% CI: 0.65-1.81), myocardial infarction (OR 0.66; 95% CI: 0.36-1.22), acute respiratory failure (OR 0.94; 95% CI: 0.72-1.23), pneumothorax (OR 0.64; 95% CI: 0.26-1.59), vascular complication (OR 0.91; 95% CI: 0.69-1.22), bleeding requiring transfusion (OR 0.85; 95% CI: 0.65-1.11), acute kidney injury requiring hemodialysis (OR 0.94; 95% CI: 0.53-1.66) and permanent pacemaker implantation (OR 1.12; 95% CI: 0.87-1.43).
  • CONCLUSIONS: With a prevalence of 10.9%, the presence of sleep apnea was not independently associated with postoperative in-hospital outcomes in patients undergoing TAVR in NIS data 2011 to 2014.

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  • (PMID = 28603718.001).
  • [ISSN] 2305-5839
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of translational medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Transl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Sleep apnea / in-hospital outcomes / transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)
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4. Pärna K, Põld M, Ringmets I: Trends in smoking behaviour among Estonian physicians in 1982-2014. BMC Public Health; 2017 Jul 25;18(1):55

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Trends in smoking behaviour among Estonian physicians in 1982-2014.
  • The aim of this study was to give an overview of smoking behaviour among Estonian physicians from 1982 to 2014.
  • The number of physicians participating in this study was 3786 in 1982, 2735 in 2002, and 2902 in 2014.
  • RESULTS: Age-standardized prevalence of current smoking among men was 39.7% in 1982, 20.9% in 2002, and 14.3% in 2014 and among women 12.2%, 8.0%, and 5.2%, respectively (p < 0.0001 for trends).
  • From 1982 to 2014, the biggest decline of current smoking among men and women was in age groups under 35 (from 55.2% to 16.7% and from 16.7% to 2.8%, respectively) and 35-44 (from 47.1% to 8.3% and from 19.5% to 5.1%, respectively) (p < 0.0001 for trends).
  • Mean age of smoking initiation decreased from 20.4 to 19.3 among men and from 24.5 to 20.4 among women over the study period.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In 1982-2014, smoking prevalence among Estonian physicians declined substantially.

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  • (PMID = 28743258.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2458
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Estonia / Physicians / Smoking / Trends
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5. Oliver SE, Unger ER, Lewis R, McDaniel D, Gargano JW, Steinau M, Markowitz LE: Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus Among Females After Vaccine Introduction-National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, United States, 2003-2014. J Infect Dis; 2017 Sep 01;216(5):594-603

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus Among Females After Vaccine Introduction-National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, United States, 2003-2014.
  • Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was recommended in 2006 for routine vaccination of US females aged 11-12 years.
  • Most vaccine used through 2014 was quadrivalent vaccine (4vHPV), which prevents HPV-6, -11, -16, and -18 infection.
  • We estimated HPV prevalence in the prevaccine (2003-2006) and vaccine eras (2007-2010 and 2011-2014).
  • Results: Among 14- to 19-year-olds, 4vHPV-type prevalence decreased from 11.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.1%-14.4%) in 2003-2006 to 3.3% (95% CI, 1.9%-5.8%) in 2011-2014, when ≥1-dose coverage was 55%.
  • Among 20- to 24-year-olds, prevalence decreased from 18.5% (95% CI, 14.9%-22.8%) in 2003-2006 to 7.2% (95% CI, 4.7%-11.1%) in 2011-2014, when ≥1-dose coverage was 43%.
  • Compared to 2003-2006, 4vHPV prevalence in sexually active 14- to 24-year-olds in 2011-2014 decreased 89% among those vaccinated and 34% among those unvaccinated.
  • Conclusions: Within 8 years of vaccine introduction, 4vHPV-type prevalence decreased 71% among 14- to 19-year-olds and 61% among 20- to 24-year-olds.

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  • (PMID = 28931217.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-6613
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral; 0 / Papillomavirus Vaccines
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; HPV vaccine / human papillomavirus / prevalence / vaccine effectiveness / vaccine impact
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6. Ilies D, Huet AS, Lacourse E, Roy G, Stip E, Amor LB: Long-Term Metabolic Effects in French-Canadian Children and Adolescents Treated with Second-Generation Antipsychotics in Monotherapy or Polytherapy: A 24-Month Descriptive Retrospective Study. Can J Psychiatry; 2017 Dec;62(12):827-836

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Long-Term Metabolic Effects in French-Canadian Children and Adolescents Treated with Second-Generation Antipsychotics in Monotherapy or Polytherapy: A 24-Month Descriptive Retrospective Study.
  • METHODS: This is a 24-month retrospective study conducted between November 2005 and June 2013.
  • From 147 antipsychotic-naive patients selected (mean age, 12.8 years; 95% confidence interval [CI], 9.8-15.9), 116 (78.9%) received SGA monotherapy and 31 (21.1%) SGA polytherapy for up to 24 months.
  • Height, weight, and fasting glucose (FG) were measured at baseline and 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months.
  • Linear mixed-model analysis was used to compare weight, body mass index z score (BMI z score), and glucose changes between the 2 SGA treatment groups, with the repeated factor being the time relative to baseline at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months.
  • RESULTS: Overall, after 24 months of SGA treatment, mean weight increased significantly by 12.8 kg (95% CI, 10.4-15.0), BMI z score by 0.44 (95% CI, 0.21-0.68), and FG levels by 0.29 mmol/L (95% CI, 0.11-0.47).
  • CONCLUSION: Our study confirms the significant increase of metabolic complications during 24 months of SGA treatment without excluding or confirming a difference between the 2 groups of treatment (mono vs. poly).

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  • (PMID = 28673098.001).
  • [ISSN] 1497-0015
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can J Psychiatry
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; adolescents / children / glucose abnormalities / obesity / second-generation antipsychotics / weight gain
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7. He YL, Yang HY, Yu CX, Zhang X, Yi QH, Ma ZL, Cha J, Xu XB, Zhang Q, Dai WJ, Qian WJ, Yin J, Zhu SJ, Xu Z: [Study of epidemic area on Tsutsugamushi disease in Taizhou from 2013 to 2014]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2017 Mar 06;51(3):252-256

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Study of epidemic area on Tsutsugamushi disease in Taizhou from 2013 to 2014].
  • <b>Methods:</b> From 2013 to 2014, Dongxing town hospital and Xingqiao town hospital were selected as specimen collection sites in Jingjiang city.
  • A total of 59 rodents were captured with cage night method in the survey sites at 5, 7, 9, 10, and 11 months in 2013, from which, the spleen, liver, and kidney specimens were selected.
  • 27 Chigge mites were collected by small blackboard method and the density of mites was 0.12 for each blackboard, among which 3 larvae and 24 nymphs were found.
  • 33 Chigger mites were collected from the ears of 3 Smelly shrew, and the density of the mite was 11 per mouse.
  • <b>Conclusion:</b> There was a high density of mice in the epidemic area from May to November and the species of the chigger mites were Chigger mites in Taizhou.
  • According to the above-mentioned results, it was considered that the scrub typhus epidemic area of Taizhou city has the natural foci of scrub typhus.

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  • (PMID = 28260341.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-9624
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Epidemic foci / Polymerase chain reaction / Scrub Typhus
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8. Izu A, Solomon F, Nzenze SA, Mudau A, Zell E, O'Brien KL, Whitney CG, Verani J, Groome M, Madhi SA: Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines and hospitalization of children for pneumonia: a time-series analysis, South Africa, 2006-2014. Bull World Health Organ; 2017 Sep 01;95(9):618-628
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines and hospitalization of children for pneumonia: a time-series analysis, South Africa, 2006-2014.
  • METHODS: We used data collected at the Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital in Soweto between 2006 and 2014 - i.e. before and after April 2009, when a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine was first included in South Africa's routine immunization programme.
  • Using a Bayesian generalized seasonal autoregressive moving-average model and the data collected in 2006-2008, we estimated the numbers of children that would have been hospitalized for pneumonia between 2010 and 2014 if no pneumococcal conjugate vaccines had been used.
  • FINDINGS: Between 2006 and 2014, 26 778 children younger than five years - including 3388 known to be infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - were admitted to the study hospital for pneumonia.
  • We estimated that, for the children known to be infected with HIV and for the other children, pneumococcal conjugate vaccines reduced the numbers of hospitalizations for pneumonia in 2014 by 33% (50% credible interval, CrI: 6 to 52) and 39% (50% CrI: 24 to 50), respectively.
  • In the study hospital in 2012-2014, as a result of immunizations with these vaccines, there were an estimated 3100 fewer pneumonia hospitalizations of children younger than five years.

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  • (PMID = 28867842.001).
  • [ISSN] 1564-0604
  • [Journal-full-title] Bulletin of the World Health Organization
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bull. World Health Organ.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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9. Matthieu MM, Lawrence KA, Robertson-Blackmore E: The impact of a civic service program on biopsychosocial outcomes of post 9/11 U.S. military veterans. Psychiatry Res; 2017 Feb;248:111-116

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The impact of a civic service program on biopsychosocial outcomes of post 9/11 U.S. military veterans.
  • A survey enrolling a prospective cohort of United States (U.S.) veterans who served in the military after 11 September 2001 and who participated in a national civic service program was conducted.

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  • [Copyright] Published by Elsevier B.V.
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  • (PMID = 28039802.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-7123
  • [Journal-full-title] Psychiatry research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Psychiatry Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / L30 MH108084; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / T32 MH019960
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Brain injury / Depression / Health / Loneliness / Mental health / Post-traumatic / Reintegration / Self-efficacy / Social support / Stress disorders / Veterans / Volunteer
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10. Hingson R, Zha W, Smyth D: Magnitude and Trends in Heavy Episodic Drinking, Alcohol-Impaired Driving, and Alcohol-Related Mortality and Overdose Hospitalizations Among Emerging Adults of College Ages 18-24 in the United States, 1998-2014. J Stud Alcohol Drugs; 2017 Jul;78(4):540-548
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Magnitude and Trends in Heavy Episodic Drinking, Alcohol-Impaired Driving, and Alcohol-Related Mortality and Overdose Hospitalizations Among Emerging Adults of College Ages 18-24 in the United States, 1998-2014.
  • OBJECTIVE: This article estimates percentages of U.S. emerging adults ages 18-24 engaging in past-month heavy episodic drinking and past-year alcohol-impaired driving, and numbers experiencing alcohol-related unintentional injury deaths and overdose hospitalizations between 1998 and 2014.
  • RESULTS: From 1999 to 2005, percentages of emerging adults ages 18-24 reporting past-month heavy episodic drinking rose from 37.1% to 43.1% and then declined to 38.8% in 2014.
  • Alcohol-impaired driving rose from 24% to 25.5% and then declined to 16.0%.
  • Alcohol-related unintentional injury deaths increased from 4,807 in 1998 to 5,531 in 2005 and then declined to 4,105 in 2014, a reduction of 29% per 100,000 since 1998.
  • Alcohol-related traffic deaths increased from 3,783 in 1998 to 4,114 in 2005 and then declined to 2,614 in 2014, down 43% per 100,000 since 1998.
  • Alcohol-related overdose deaths increased from 207 in 1998 to 891 in 2014, a 254% increase per 100,000.
  • Alcohol-overdose hospitalizations rose 26% per 100,000 from 1998 to 2014, especially from increases in alcohol/other drug overdoses, up 61% (alcohol/opioid overdoses up 197%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Among emerging adults, a trend toward increased alcohol-related unintentional injury deaths, heavy episodic drinking, and alcohol-impaired driving between 1998 and 2005 was reversed by 2014.

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  • (PMID = 28728636.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Stud Alcohol Drugs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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